When PCs were first introduced to people, they were simple with simple parts and catered to only a few people who could afford them. Now with there being even PCs with different purposes, even the simple computer mouse comes in a wide range of designs and types.
With time, the simple computer mouse evolved and today we have more than 10 different types of computer mouse!
Table of contents
- 21 Types of Computer Mouse
- 1. Wired mouse
- 2.Wireless mouse
- 3. Roller bar mouse
- 4. Bluetooth mouse
- 5.Finger mouse
- 6.Trackball mouse
- 7. Optical mouse
- 8. Laser mouse
- 9. 3D mouse
- 10. Magic mouse
- 11. Mechanical mouse (ball mouse)
- 12. USB mouse
- 13. Vertical mouse (ergonomic mouse)
- 14. Scroll mouse (wheel mouse)
- 15. Gaming mouse
- 16. Blue track mouse
- 17. Pen mouse (Stylus)
- 18. Touchpad
- 19. Track-point mouse
- 20. Foot mouse
- 21. Presentation mouse
- So, which type of computer mouse is the best?
21 Types of Computer Mouse
In this article, we discuss the different types of the computer mouse and how they cater to different needs. So let’s dive into the list:
1. Wired mouse
A wired mouse, as the name suggests, connects directly to your computer through wires. For this, it uses a USB port connection via which it transmits data. This type of mouse provides a fast response time and the data is also more accurate as it is transmitted directly via a cord.
They do not require batteries, are more affordable and perfect for people who want high precision while computing like gamers and digital artists. However, there is less freedom of movement due to the wires.
Wireless mouse transmit signals to your computer via radio signals and a dongle which the computer receives. The signal is then decoded to figure out the input. Wireless mice are great for people who want more convenience of movement which is not possible with wired mice.
These mouse types do not even require mouse pads but do, however, require batteries to operate. There are also some other drawbacks like lag which happens to a lot of wireless devices. Thus, the mouse is not suitable for high-accuracy tasks and quick responses.
But for the most part, the lag will be negligible, especially if you invest in a good mouse from a trustworthy brand. As for cost, these mice cost more than wired mice.
3. Roller bar mouse
A roller bar mouse is shaped like a horizontal scroll bar with its front end facing the keyboard and staying connected to it. Using this mouse you can move your cursor sideways and forward or backward on your PC.
It is designed ergonomically to put a minimum strain on your palm and might take some time to get used to. But overall, it is the best choice for people with joint pain and thumb pain or people who find it hard to operate a traditional mouse comfortably.
Suitable for editing and graphic designing, this mouse may be uncomfortable for gaming.
4. Bluetooth mouse
People think wireless and Bluetooth mice are the same because their designs are also very similar looking. A Bluetooth mouse does not need wires or a dongle to connect to your computer but, instead, uses Bluetooth technology to connect and communicate.
This also allows your mouse to connect to multiple devices which support Bluetooth at one time. The pros of these mice are that they can operate from a distance and give you more freedom of movement without the need for a mouse pad.
Like wireless mice, they also come with a negligible lag, require batteries to operate, and can be more expensive than wired mouse types. Also, you might require a Bluetooth receiver if your device does not have Bluetooth.
The finger mouse is a small mouse with an optical LED light for tracking its movements. You can wear this mouse on your middle finger and it comes with a customizable band. Like an ordinary mouse, it comes with buttons and a scroll.
Requiring AAA batteries, this type of mouse can be wired or wireless and can be very helpful for people with joint pain who want to carry put standard operations on the PC. However, it does not perform as well in editing, designing or gaming.
A trackball mouse comes with a ball sensor to move the cursor. This is done with your thumb. Simply put, this type of computer mouse looks like a mouse that has been kept upside-down. The trackball requires very little effort to move around and is great for scrolling.
This mouse gives you the greatest amount of freedom of movement and a faster response time which makes it perfect for heavy-mouse activities. This mouse requires no space to operate and usually has an ergonomic design.
7. Optical mouse
Optical mouse performs standard PC activities very well and satisfactorily. It is capable of taking thousands of pictures in a single second when it is moved. This type of computer mouse uses a red or infrared LED light to track the movement by bouncing this light off the surface into a CMOS sensor.
The light particles are then converted into electrical current which gives it analog data which results in very smooth movement and accurate pointing. With this mouse, you do not require a mouse pad and this kind of mouse is available in wired as well as wireless designs.
However, it is less accurate than laser mice and less ergonomic than trackball mice. Also, it requires some space to move around like the traditional mouse.
8. Laser mouse
A laser mouse is very similar to an optical mouse in design but has one difference that sets them apart from each other. That is, while an optical mouse uses infrared LED or red light to track the movement of the mouse, a laser mouse uses an LED light that lies outside the spectrum of vision.
Thus, light cannot be seen by us but the mouse performs very well and tends to have more precision and accuracy. They require some space to move around and are available in wireless and wired types.
9. 3D mouse
A 3D mouse is primarily used in a virtual environment. It comes equipped with different sensors that allow 3D and 2D movements for the virtual environment it interacts in. This type of mouse is a popular choice in video game consoles and is great to work with when there are high-quality graphics involved.
Highly suitable for gamers, architects, designers as well as engineers, this type of computer mouse plays a large role in contributing to these fields’ productivity, professionalism, and realism. With this mouse, you can even rotate an object in a 3D format.
10. Magic mouse
The magic mouse works like a traditional mouse but was first developed for Apple computers. This type of computer mouse makes regular tasks on the PC more efficient by using multitouch technology that allows swiping and scrolling by moving your hand over it.
11. Mechanical mouse (ball mouse)
Also called a ball mouse, a mechanical mouse is a traditional mouse with a ball in the underside of it to track its movements. This kind of computer mouse is cheap but is prone to wear and tear very much.
This is the simplest and one of the first designs of mice the world ever saw and are not a very popular choice today due to the advancements in technology for comfort and precision.
12. USB mouse
The most common type of computer mouse, a USB mouse can be wired or wireless. It has been around since the USB standard was set in the year 1996.
The wired USB mouse plugs into your PC while the wireless USB mouse has a transmitter that is connected to your PC for communication. This type of computer mouse is good for any standard activity you want to do on your PC.
13. Vertical mouse (ergonomic mouse)
A vertical computer mouse comes in an ergonomic design for the user to operate in such a way that it reduces the pressure on the underside of the wrist and the shoulders. This mouse places the wrist in a “handshake” position rather than a flat position on a desk.
This design can take some time for the user to get used to but it is very comfortable once they get the hang of it. Moreover, the design has been specially crafted to reduce the chance of getting carpal tunnel syndrome and other muscular stress-related problems that arise from being too much on the computer.
14. Scroll mouse (wheel mouse)
Wheel mouse is available in a range of options – wired, wireless, optical, and much more. There is a wheel attached between the left and right-click buttons which helps you scroll. This is also where it gets its name from.
These kinds of computer mice are very ergonomic and convenient to use. The batteries in the wireless version of these can last 18 months without charging which is very impressive.
15. Gaming mouse
Gamers have a different requirement of mice than normal computer users as they cannot afford their mice to have a lag or less precision. For these reasons, the gaming mouse was introduced which comes in wired and wireless designs and includes additional features to simplify and improve your gaming experience.
Including the standard mouse tasks, gaming mice can provide more accuracy, less latency, and are more ergonomic than any other mouse design. Along with these, you get more buttons to perform different tasks, more customization options, and DPI control.
You can also get a mouse of a specific weight you desire in this category.
16. Blue track mouse
The BlueTrack mouse was invented by Microsoft and uses a unique combination of an image sensor and pixel geometry to work. These help it to accurately detect movement and thus enter input into a computer. The mouse works on all types of surfaces, even a carpet, with ease.
The mouse comes with a Windows button for easy access to the Start screen and has the ultimate portability due to its compact design. It features a 4-way scroll wheel to help you navigate the screen with ease in all 4 directions.
17. Pen mouse (Stylus)
A stylus or a GStick Mouse (because it was invented by Gordon Stewart) is a small pointing device shaped like a pen. This makes these types of computer mouse very easy to hold and operate.
These types of computer mice (pen mouse) can make selections by tapping and can be very efficiently used on devices with touch screens. This makes the device compatible with smartphones, tablets, and touchscreen laptops.
With a stylus, there is more precision, control and this method is called pen computing which is great for designers and artists.
Touchpads are mostly found on laptops and are not external devices as they come attached to the keyboard panel of a laptop. They are also called glide pads and you can navigate the cursor by touching the pads with your finger.
The pad comes with the right and left buttons as well for clicking purposes. But sometimes instead of buttons, they are just pressure detectors so you do not have to press them too hard. A tap would be enough.
19. Track-point mouse
Track-point mice are small in size and help you track the cursor without removing your hands from the keyboard. They look like small rubber spheres between the “G”, “H” and “B” keys on some models of personal computers and are very convenient to use.
20. Foot mouse
Foot mouse, as the name suggests, allows one to navigate the cursor using the feet. Though the concept might seem very unusual to us, it is perfect for people with a hand injury or hand disability and thus promotes inclusivity.
21. Presentation mouse
Presentations require laser pointers and other equipment which could be a hassle to carry around. Presentation mice solve all these problems.
This 2-in1 technology combines a laser pointer and a mouse and some can even function as a smart TV remote! However, the only drawback is that some of these might not have a trackball and ways to move a cursor. Thus they are restricted only to presentations.
So, which type of computer mouse is the best?
The reason we have such a wide range of different computer mice is that everyone has a different need and style of operating a computer mouse. Some people want casual work, some people like to game, and some design graphics with high precision.
Every mouse is designed for a unique purpose and caters to different needs of people so to decide which mouse is the best for you, you need to know the purpose you want it for. When it comes to different types of a computer mouse, there is no “one mouse to rule them all” belief.
Thus, whichever mouse works for you the best is the mouse you should buy. We hope this list of different types of the computer mouse was helpful to you. Good luck shopping!